Intervening with Youth in the Transition from Care to Independent Living

  • Varda R. Mann-Feder Associate Professor, Department of Applied Human Sciences, Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Keywords: Youth in Care, Independent Living, Home Leaving


This article outlines recommendations for intervention with youth transitioning to independent living based on the results of the author’s own program of qualitative research, literature on the theory of Emerging Adulthood, and recent findings in relation to the experiences of youth leaving home to live on their own. The emphasis is on designing services that can more closely approximate the normative transition to adulthood.


Arnett, J.J. (1998). Emerging adulthood: A theory of development from the late

teens through the twenties. American Psychologist, 55, 469-480.

Arnett, J.J. (2007). Aging out of care: Toward realizing the possibilities of emerging

adulthood. New Directions in Youth Development, 113, 151-161.

Child Welfare Gateway (2006). Family reunification: What the evidence shows.

Available at

Flynn, R. (2003). Resilience in transitions from out-of-home care in Canada: A

prospective longitudinal study. Unpublished research proposal.

Goodman, J., Schlossberg, N., & Anderson, M.L. (2006). Counseling adults in transition:

Linking practice with theory (3rd Ed.) New York: Springer.

Gordy-Levine, T. (1990). Time to mourn again. In A.N. Maluccio, R. Krieger, & B.A.

Pines (Eds.), Preparing adolescents for life after foster care. Washington, D.C.:

Child Welfare League of America.

Hill, C., Thompson, B., & Williams, E. (1997). A guide to conducting consensual

qualitative research. The Counselling Psychologist, 25(4), 517-572.

Mann-Feder, V. (Ed.). (2007). Issue editor`s notes. Transition or eviction? Youth

exiting care for independent living. [Special Issue]. New Directions in Youth

Development, 113, 1-8.

Mann-Feder, V., Eades, A., & Sobel, E. (2010). Leaving home and leaving care:

Sources of resilience in emerging adulthood. Pathways to Resilience Conference

II. Halifax, Nova Scotia: June.

Mann-Feder, V., & Garfat, T. (2006). Leaving residential placement: A guide to

intervention. Relational Child and Youth Care Practice, 19(40), 66-72.

Mann-Feder, V., & Guerard (2008). Organizational factors in the transition to independent

living. Unpublished manuscript.

Mann-Feder, V., & White.T. (2004). Facilitating the transition to independent living:

Reflections on a program of research. International Journal of Child and

Family Welfare, 6(4), 204-210.

Mulder, C. (2009). Leaving the parental home in youth adulthood. In A.Furlong,

(Ed.), Handbook of Youth and Young Adulthood: New Perspectives and Agendas.

New York: Routeledge.

Osgood, D.W., Foster, E.M., Flanagan, C., & Ruth, G.R. (2005). Introduction: Why

focus on the transition to adulthood for vulnerable populations. In D.W.

Osgood, E.M. Foster, C. Flanagan, & G.R. Ruth (Eds.), On your own without

a net: The transition to adulthood for vulnerable populations (1-26). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Rutman, D., Barlow, A., Alusik, D., Hubberstay, C., & Brown, E. (2003). Supporting young people`s transitions from government care. In K. Kufeldt & B. McKenzie (Eds.), Child welfare: Connecting research, policy and practice (pp.227-238). Waterloo, Ontario: Wilfrid Laurier University Press.

Stein, M. (2006). Research review: Young people leaving care. Child and Family Social Work, 11, 273-279.

Tweddle. A. (2007). Youth leaving care: How do they fare? New Directions in Youth Development, 113, 15-32.

How to Cite
Mann-Feder, V. (2020). Intervening with Youth in the Transition from Care to Independent Living. Journal of Child and Youth Care Work, 23, 8-13.
Research and Practice Articles