The Motivation Ladder:


  • Bruce Gray Department of Applied Human Sciences Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada


drop out prevention and intervention, mainstreaming, school integration, redefining learning disabilities, physical movement and learning, nonverbal interventions


Learning, emotional, attention, relationship, and social prob­lems are normally defined by disparate symptoms and treated by various professionals in different ways. As research clarifies the integrated way the brain develops and functions, however, it is becoming clear that at the point of origin these problems may have more in common than current educa­tional and therapeutic practice would suggest. The Motivation Ladder builds from this research to identify and describe two early and critically important developmental steps which form the foundation for both emo­tional control and academic learning. Youth who cannot develop beyond this level can have a very hard time in school and frequently drop out by grade 9. Understanding these first two steps will enable parents, teachers, and youth care workers to design effective interventions for integrating those youth most often left behind.




How to Cite

Gray, B. . (2006). The Motivation Ladder:. Journal of Child and Youth Care Work, 21, 39–56. Retrieved from