Violence In The Schoolyard:


  • Sibylle Artz School of Child and Youth Care, University of Victoria
  • Diana Nicholson School of Child and Youth Care, University of Victoria
  • Jessica McNamara School of Child and Youth Care, University of Victoria


sex differences, correlations, aggression, violence, intervention, school-based


This article examines sex differences in the relationship between factors known to contribute to the use of aggression and violence using students' self-reports regarding these behaviors. Preliminary data analysis shows higher levels of aggression and violence, including relational and sexual aggression/harassment, and higher levels of victimization among males than among females. For both males and females in the sample, the use of physical aggression was significantly correlated with masculinity, the use of relational violence, endorsement of moral attitudes that supports violence, and victimization. Also significant, but only for boys and girls in coeducational public schools, was an association between the use of sexual aggression and harassment, and the use of physical violence. Finally, for girls only, we found a significant negative association with the endorsement of values and reciprocity. Implications for child and youth care practice are discussed.




How to Cite

Artz, S. ., Nicholson, D., & McNamara, J. . (2009). Violence In The Schoolyard:. Journal of Child and Youth Care Work, 22, 20–36. Retrieved from




Most read articles by the same author(s)